Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.
Climate Modification and Volcanoes
The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.
It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.
Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.
In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.
One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.
Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.
Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.
Tell me about yourself? This is an open question generally asked in every interview. This question provides a good opportunity for candidates to tell their strengths that have been mentioned in their resume. This also provides a platform at the beginning of the interview to explore their personality in front of interviewer and leave a good first impression. While answering this question, Be yourself. Another question that might be asked is what are your biggest accomplishments till date? The answer must be related to job, it provides an opportunity to show your competency level. Another generally asked question might be where do you see yourself in five-ten years time-span? How do you handle criticism during different situations? While answering these questions try to reflect the positive attitude and convey a message that all criticism has an advantage if taken in positive sense, all the criticism provides an opportunity for self-improvement. Also illustrate them by giving an example that how a week idea that has been criticised have some good points also. Another question might be how will you cope with a change in environment surround you? Tell how you can adapt and learn quickly in different situation. Turning negatives circumstances into positives (change your weaknesses into strengths) and increase the productivity of the individuals and organisation as a whole. An important question may be what can you do for us that someone else can’t do? Answer this question must be in accordance to job skills needed. If the candidate has understood the details of the job in a proper sense, then he tries to answer this with a combination of your skills/experience with others. Another question that generally asked during interview is to describe a difficult problem you’ve to deal with. Clearly explain the interviewers that you have approached a problem, the process, the result and how you overcome the difficulties come in front of you. This will reflect your positive attitude towards challenges, and you were not discouraged by the situation comes in front of you. What is your greatest weakness is a commonly asked question? This question gives you an opportunity to show that you have identified your weaknesses and now working on reducing your weaknesses. How do you handle tension/stress is a difficult question generally being asked? Explain how you avoid stressful situations, and if not how you deal with them, give some examples also. How do you decide your direction? Show by giving some examples of how an individual can finish up the task without unnecessary complications. You can give examples from your personal life. Do you prefer working with others or alone? Explain how you can work well in both situations and can be benefited in both the situations ”
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The desire to buy bank foreclosure homes may have been growing in you for quite some time. This feeling may also be accompanied by the gnawing thought that maybe it is time to be free of the restrictions of renting and be more responsible in terms of homeownership. You check your salary versus the cost of buying a pre-owned house and decided that you could afford to have a house of your own.
But wait. Are you sure ready for it?
Your salary may qualify you for a loan to purchase one of those bank foreclosure homes advertised. You may even think you can still haggle down the price with the seller. But have you checked if you could afford the monthly payments for the house? Your cash flow may have only allowed you to accommodate rent, but can you take a debt of 35 years? It may even eat up 30 percent of your cash flow.
Your emotions can get the better of you. You may have been arguing with yourself, your spouse or your parents that you need a bigger space, more freedom and a place for your business/side business. While it may be logical, you have to do the math first and see if your arguments outweigh the monthly cost of owning a home. Will the new house require you to have a car because of its location? Or will it allow you to ditch the car, save some money by taking the public transport since it is in the middle of the city? Will it allow you to expand your business/side business?
Another thing to consider is the time you need in maintaining your own home? Do you have time to mow the lawn, dig through the snow in your driveway, or do the repairs? These chores may eat up the time that is supposedly devoted to your business/side business and/or family.
Also worth considering is your ability to come up with the down payment for one of those bank foreclosure homes you have been wanting to buy. The era of “no-down payment, introductory low interest rates” is over. Banks have tightened their lending since the credit crisis, so they may require you to make a down payment of at least 20 percent. Without it, you would be paying for a higher interest rate, which would hurt your pocket in the long run.
These questions may help you see clearer if you are really ready to buy your own house – even one of those bank foreclosure homes that are sold below market value. But if your answer to the questions above is “yes”, then proceed in making your monthly budget and long-term financial plan to allow you to take on a new or additional debt for your planned purchase.
You are determined to become a filmmaker. You’ve already taken your first step: applying to film schools. In Canada and abroad, there are many choices. Your life feels ripe with possibility. But you have one fear that haunts you. You wonder if you will really have what it takes after graduation from film courses to make your dreams come true. You have plenty of ideas for movies, that’s for sure. But that doesn’t mean that you know how to finance one. Here are three book ideas to calm these kinds of fears, common amongst new applicants to film schools.
1. 43 Ways to Finance Your Feature Film by John W. Cones
In this book, entertainment lawyer John Cones shares his insider knowledge gleaned from almost two decades helping independent filmmakers navigate the multifaceted world of movie financing. Although the author is based in Los Angeles – where else? – the book includes a discussion of financing from countries other than the United States, and is, therefore, appropriate for new applicants to film schools in Canada and abroad.
This book may turn up on the curriculum of your film courses, but there’s no harm in beginning your research early. Reading on your own increases the likelihood that when you do finally graduate that you will have a firm grounding in such topics as:
industry financing (What is this? It is basically funding by your peers, i.e., other, more established graduates of film schools)
2. The Fundraising Houseparty: How to Get Charitable Donations From Individuals in a Houseparty Setting by Morrie Warshawski
Although this book could be of use to any kind of fundraiser, it is written with filmmakers in mind. The author explains how graduates of film schools can organize a compelling event, touching on such details as:
food and drink
Warshawski emphasizes the importance of graduates of film courses appealing to the emotions of their potential donors, something to which their craft, fortunately, is uniquely well suited. What is the role of film schools if not to teach students how to appeal to the emotions of their audience?
3. Shaking the Money Tree, 3rd Edition: The Art of Getting Grants and Donations for Film and Video, also by Morrie Warshawski
In this book, Warshawski tackles that topic of supreme interest to staff and students of film schools in Canada and abroad: how to write a winning grant application. This kind of knowledge can even help students in film schools finance their productions for film courses.
If you are anxiously awaiting a wave of fateful letters from films schools in Canada and elsewhere in the world, calm your nerves by advancing your studies on your own. Who knows, it may help you finance one of your film school’s productions once you finally do get that longed for acceptance letter!
Finding active hard money lenders may require some research, because they’re not nearly as obvious or numerous as conventional lenders. Many only lend money in their immediate geographic areas in order to be able personally visit properties before making loans. Check with mortgage brokers, because they often represent some hard money lenders. You can also find hard money loans through newspaper ads and on the Internet; but always verify lender credentials beforehand, as you should before working with any kind of professional mortgage lender. You’ve decided to get into rehabbing properties. A hard money loans seem to be your best option to fund these ventures. Here are a few ideas and questions to ask designed to help aid your search for a reputable hard money lender, broker, or referring source:
1. Hard Lender Experiences: Ask how long they’ve been in business. How many successful deals have they made? How many collective years of experience do all key people at the company have? Look for a hard money lender that has “direct hard loans lender” in their advertising. It’s a good sign.
2. Industry Connections: How many hard money lenders and investors does this company work with? Go with one who has several funding sources (Hedge funds, Mortgage pools, Private Equity Groups, etc.). The more connections they have to direct hard money lenders with ready cash, the faster – and better they’ll get the job done.
3. The Commercial Real Estate Market: How is the market in your area? The better the market’s doing, the lower your hard loan interest rates may be. If the market is slow you may end up paying much higher interest rate. Make sure you know the market in your area.
4. Brokers: The Company or referring source that helps you with your search for your hard money loan will have a lot of influence. Make sure they are competent. How? Ask someone who has dealt with hard loans before. Ask your lawyer. Do as much research as you think you’ll need. Hard money brokers will help you shop many investors and lenders to find a loan that works for you.
5. Direct Money Lender: Some hard wholesalers or direct lenders can fund your loan directly. Direct money lenders are a more direct way to get your loan underwritten and eliminate the use of a broker or referring source but, may have to start the application process all over again if you started with a broker. Either way, make sure you are working with a reputable company who has a proven record of success with hard lending.
Streamwood, IL, October, 2012 – ComForcare of Northwest Suburbs in Streamwood IL, is proud to announce they are a member of the National Private Duty Association (NPDA). The NPDA partners with private home care agencies, and companies that offer home care aides, companion care, homemaking assistance, and other supplemental elderly care services to offer trusted and reliable caregiver information.
-The NPDA was founded on the principles of providing high quality private duty home care, and we are pleased to support that cause,- says ComForcare owner, Bryan Ernst. -At ComForcare, our practices reflect their model to employ, train, and supervise caregivers and to create a unique care plan for each of our clients in order to offer a safe, healthy, and independent lifestyle for them in the comfort of their own home.-
As a member of NPDA, ComForcare commits to employ trained caregivers and assume all responsibility for the payroll and related tax information to protect the client and provide the highest level of care. NPDA members also stand together to with the opinion that people should be able to age safely in place at home to the extent possible according to their desires and permitted by their resources. They also champion measures at both federal and state levels to promote home care quality and affordability.
To accomplish these goals, ComForcare offers affordable part-time and full-time home care services for clients on an individual basis to meet their specific needs. As an industry leader, ComForcare has been recognized for its exceptional client-centered transition of care program and relationship-based home care services. ComForcare uses a rigorous 10-step hiring process to ensure all caregivers meet the highest professional, education, and experience requirements in order to provide trusted, reliable, and compassionate care.
About ComForcare Home Care ComForcare began in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, in 1996 as a company dedicated to establishing a new standard in the quality of non-medical home care. After perfecting the winning formula, ComForcare began franchising. They are one of the fastest growing franchises in the country with more than 135 franchise owners who operate 150 territories throughout the United States and in Canada and the U.K. Each independently owned and operated ComForcare office offers elderly care services including personal care, homemaking, transportation, companionship and family respite services to improve the quality of life and level of independence for every individual and family receiving our services.
ComForcare Home Care 2510 Telegraph Road, Suite 100 Bloomfield Hills, MI 48302 248-745-9700
There are plenty of easy ways to make money on the internet today. However, you should know that just because there is an easy way to make money on the internet doesnt mean that it will be very profitable. This can be especially said when a person is just starting out. You can start out with an easy job, but you are going to have to find some other easy jobs to supplement the first one. There are not very many easy jobs on the internet that pay well. If you are so lucky to land an easy job on the internet that pays well, I suggest you keep a hold of it. Of course, for some people, making money online can never be an easy thing. Even the easiest jobs will take you some time and dedication. Getting anywhere with easy jobs takes a while.
Setting up an eBay shop is something simple that millions of people over the world have done. Of course, you have to have something to sell, so this may not work for everyone. Putting things on eBay may sound like the most simple of the simple jobs, but it can be tedious and time consuming. There are many people who have a shop set up on eBay that go out to auctions and yard sales to get their merchandise and resell it. There are also those who sell games and videos via drop ship sites. This way is easier, but the profit is less. Unless you are making your products by hand or selling products that were yours to begin with, the profit is going to be little at times. As for the mentioned, any easy job makes getting paid a drawn out process. However, power sellers on eBay make one hundred thousand a year plus.
If you have some sort of product that people can use or that is in demand, then your online job will be easy. Products that sell themselves are the ones to have. However, all products need some sort of advertising at some point and sometimes advertising is anything but easy. Basically, what you really need to know is that there is no way to make money on the internet that does not take some amount of work. You can fill out surveys or something else that is easy, but be prepared for this process to be slow in the money making division.
Investment club is formed by a group of people who pool their money for joint investments. If you are a new to investing in stock market and have limited funds, starting an investment club is a great way to learn from other investors and get hands on experience in investing.
Here are some tips to starting an investment club.
1. Make sure all members understand the risks of investing. Many people who invest think they are going to be very successful, and are not prepared to lose all of their money. Unfortunately, there are no guarantees when it comes to the stock market. No one should invest money they are not willing to lose.
2. Find the right people who share the same investment objectives and goals. It is easier to get along with right minded people and learn from each other.
3. Make sure all club members agree to the partnership agreement and any other rules.
4. Join the National Association of Investors Corporation (NAIC) that provides support, information and tools on starting an investment club and investing, and publishes a monthly investor-learning magazine.
5. All members must agree to make a monthly contribution. The typical range of contribution is $20 to $100 a month. Members who contribute more than the required contribution are allowed greater share of profits.
6. Decide on how to meet and the frequency of meetings. For the initial setting up of the club, it may be best for everyone to meet in person. If all meetings are held online, it may be good to meet in person once or twice a year for social interaction. To keep up to date, it is recommended to meet 1-2 times a month.
7. Start with a small number of people. It is easier to come to an agreement when there are fewer members. When the club is established and all formal procedures are in place, new members can be invited to join.
8. Education is the main goal of an investment club. An investment club made up of educated investors will be more successful and cohesive than an investment club which is solely focused on making a profit.
9. Every investment club must have a well-defined investment style or investment philosophy. There must be clear selection criteria such as what type of stocks to invest, the acceptable risk tolerance level and rate of return. All club members should be aware of and agree to the investment style of the club.
Starting and running an investment club is an invaluable learning experience, where you can leverage on the expertise and knowledge of other investors. Investment clubs facilitate the exchange of ideas and collective decisions that are likely to produce sustainable returns.
One of the reasons that some business owners do not have a business bank account is because they do not know how to open business bank account. It is not uncommon for small business owners to go for years without ever needing a business account and, therefore, have no idea how to go about. There are several advantages to opening a separate business account such as being able to track spending and making tax reporting easier. It is not difficult to open your own account. Once you have a bank account for your business, you can then enjoy the benefits the account has to offer.
The first thing you need to do to open business bank account is get a business certificate. This is usually done through the licensing department of your local county government. If you call your business something other than your name, then you will need a DBA certificate which indicates that you are doing business as another name. Even if your business is called Bob Smiths Landscaping, it is still a good idea to get a DBA. When your company name is different than your business name, it helps your business to sound more legitimate and helps people to see that your business is its own entity.
Once you have your business officially registered and the piece of paper to prove it, then you can head over to the bank to open business bank account. But before you do that, you should spend time talking to different banks to get the best deal. Each bank has its own different way of administering business accounts. A business account will traditionally come with several more features than a personal account such as customized statements. Business accounts will also come with a schedule of fees that will differ from bank to bank. Take the time to find the bank that gives you the best possible deal before you decide on an institution to go with.
Spend some time becoming familiar with the features of your account once you open business bank account. As you get used to how the account works, you will begin to see all of the benefits it has to offer. After a while, you will wonder how you ever ran your business without a separate bank account.